Several countries have developed strategic plans for a transition towards a resource-efficient economic framework according to the principles of a Circular Economy. The concept of a Circular Economy aims to decouple human well-being and economic activities from environmental damage. In light of the current debate on climate protection and sustainability, the paper industry, like all resource-intensive industries, needs to develop sustainably. The Confederation of European Paper Industries (CEPI) has confirmed that the pulp & paper industry intends to drastically reduce CO2 emissions by 2050. This will require breakthrough technologies and a consistent shift to sustainable energy sources. Also, bridging technologies, such as carbon capture, are highly relevant to bring down the CO2 footprint and achieve the very ambitious climate goals.